Sativa vs. Indica 

Cannabis is the botanical name of a genus of annual flowering plants in the Cannabaceae family. There are over 150 species and 10 genera included in the Cannabaceau family. Besides cannabis, the hop plant (often used in the production of beer) is also part of the Cannabaceae family. Some species of cannabis (indica and sativa) produce fairly large amounts of a chemical known as Tetrahydrocannabinol (a cannabinoid commonly called THC). Medical cannabis comes in two basis: sativa and indica. Each type has its own distinct set of characteristics. Medical cannabis types are available from pure sativa strains to pure indica strains and include every combination of the two (hybrids).

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa is a tall, slower growing and maturing plant that typically has long thin leaves, which may vary in color from light green to darker greens. Sativa buds are long and thin and turn red as they mature in a warm environment. In cooler environments the buds may be slightly purple. Sativa plants smell sweet and fruity and the smoke is generally quite mild. The cannabis sativa medicating effect is often characterized as uplifting and energetic. The effects of a cannabis sativa are mostly cerebral. They give a feeling of optimism and well-being, as well as providing a
good measure of pain relief for certain symptoms. A few pure sativas are also very high in THC content. They are known to have a quite spacey, or hallucinogenic effect. Sativas are good choice for daytime medication.

Cannabis Indica

Cannabis Indica is a short to moderate height bushy plant, generally between 3 and 6 feet, and its leaves have short broad fingers. The leaves are generally dark green, and are sometimes tinged with purple. As they near maturity, the leaves may become significantly more purple. It is a strong smelling plant with a “stinky” or “skunky” smell. The smoke of indicas is
generally thick and more prone to cause coughing when inhaled. The cannabis indica medicating effect is most often described as a pleasant body buzz. Indicas are great for relaxation, stress relief, and for an overall sense of calm and serenity. Cannabis indicas are also very effective for overall body pain relief, and often used in the treatment of insomnia. They are the late evening choice of many patients as an all night sleep aid. A few pure indicas strains are very potent in THC and will cause the “couchlock” effect, enabling the patient to simply sit still and enjoy the experience of the medicine.